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Similar stage

Both China and the Soviet Union at the time of their Great Leap famines were underdeveloped and faced great imperatives to leap ahead and to escape from their previous poverty spiral. Ambitious industrialisation and urbanisation plans were introduced. Both countries had also begun the transition from high to low mortality, which would for a while result in greatly increased population growth, before natality would begin to fall as well. The escape from poverty and leap into higher development was not going to be as easy for Russia and China as it had been in the early developed societies of Western Europe and America.